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Accession Number PB2014-102449
Title Development of a Framework for Transit-Oriented Development (TOD).
Publication Date Oct 2013
Media Count 100p
Personal Author A. Amiri A. Ardeshiri A. Nasri B. Baghaei K. R. Zamir L. Zhang M. Jeihani
Abstract In this project, a comprehensive analysis of TODs in the Washington, D.C., and Baltimore metro areas was performed to investigate if TODs actually can reduce automobile travel and encourage transit use as well as non-motorized modes. The research team modeled vehicle-miles travelled (VMT), trip generation, trip length, and mode share in two case study areas using the most recent local household travel survey data and advanced econometric models. Findings show that people living in TODs overall have lower household VMT, make more trips by all modes of transportation, but make fewer trips by automobiles. Results also show that TOD residents tend to travel shorter distances by all modes of transportation, which implies their selection of closer destinations for their activities. Trips originating from TODs have substantially higher non-auto mode share in both areas after controlling for relevant socioeconomic and demographic factors. The study also finds significant differences in the effectiveness of TODs in these two metropolitan areas due to different TOD locations, transit system availability and level of service, and TOD resident characteristics. The trip generation step of the Maryland Statewide Transportation Model (MSTM) can be modified to incorporate the effect of TODs on a transportation system as a result of this study.
Keywords Gas prices
Land use
Policy changes
Transit ridership
Transit-Oriented Development(TOD)
Transportation system
Travel behavior

Source Agency Department of Transportation Office of University Research
NTIS Subject Category 85 - Transportation
43G - Transportation
Corporate Author Morgan State Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1408
Contract Number SP209B4N

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