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Accession Number PB2013-111578
Title Has Motorization In the U.S. Peaked Part 2: Use of Light-Duty Vehicles.
Publication Date Jul 2013
Media Count 20p
Personal Author M. Sivak
Abstract The main contribution of this study is an examination of recent trends in distances driven by light-duty vehicles (cars, pickup trucks, SUVs, and vans) in the U.S. fleet. This is in contrast to several other recent studies that analyzed distances driven by all vehicles (including medium and heavy trucks, buses, and motorcycles). The period examined was from 1984 through 2011. This is a follow-up study to Sivak (2013), in which I analyzed the recent trends in the number of registered light-duty vehicles. Although the report also presents trends in the absolute distances driven, of primary interest were the distances driven per person, per licensed driver, per household, and per registered vehicle. All of these rates reached their maxima in 2004four years prior to the beginning of the current economic downturnand decreased by 5% to 9% by 2011. These reductions likely reflect, in part, noneconomic changes in society that influence the need for vehicles (e.g., increased telecommuting, increased use of public transportation, increased urbanization of the population, and changes in the age composition of drivers). Because the onset of the reductions in the driving rates was not the result of short-term, economic changes, the 2004 maxima in the distance-driven rates have a reasonable chance of being long-term peaks as well. An exception is the rate per registered vehicle. Should the numbers of vehicles per person, per driver, and per household continue to fall (Sivak, 2013), it is possible that the distance driven per vehicle would eventually start to increase and thus this rate has a better chance in the future of surpassing the 2004 maximum. The combined evidence from this and the previous study (Sivak, 2013) indicates that per person, per driver, and per householdwe now have fewer light-duty vehicles and we drive each of them less than a decade ago. The best estimates of the current annual distancedriven rates by light-duty vehicles are as follows: 8,500 miles per person, 12,500 miles per licensed driver, 22,100 miles per household, and 11,300 miles per registered vehicle.
Keywords Cars
Distance drivers
Driver licensing
Light duty vehicles
Motor vehicles
Motorization
Per households
Pickup trucks
Regulations
Safety
SUVs
Vans
Vehicle characteristics


 
Source Agency University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute
NTIS Subject Category 43G - Transportation
85H - Road Transportation
85D - Transportation Safety
Corporate Author Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Transportation Research Inst.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1325
Contract Number N/A

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