Accession Number PB2013-110994
Title Community Determinants of Immigrant Self-Employment: Human Capital Spillovers and Ethnic Enclaves.
Publication Date Apr 2013
Media Count 45p
Personal Author L. Sousa
Abstract I find evidence that human capital spillovers have positive effects on the proclivity of low human capital immigrants to self-employ. Human capital spillovers within an ethnic community can increase the self-employment propensity of its members by decreasing the costs associated with starting and running a business (especially, transaction costs and information costs). Immigrants who do not speak English and those with little formal education are more likely to be self-employed if they reside in an ethnic community boasting higher human capital. On the other hand, the educational attainment of co-ethnics does not appear to affect the self-employment choices of immigrants with a post-secondary education to become self-employed. Further analysis suggests that immigrants in communities with more human capital choose industries that are more capital-intensive. Overall, the results suggest that the communities in which immigrants reside influences their self-employment decisions. For low-skilled immigrants who face high costs to learning English and/or acquiring more education, these human capital spillovers may serve as an alternative resource of information and labor mobility.
Keywords Businesses
Capital
Communities
Costs
Economic analysis
Education
Employment
Ethnic groups
Immigrants
Labor force
Mobility
Spillovers


 
Source Agency Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census
NTIS Subject Category 92C - Social Concerns
70D - Personnel Management, Labor Relations & Manpower Studies
96 - Business & Economics
Corporate Author Bureau of the Census, Washington, DC. Center for Economic Studies.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1324
Contract Number N/A

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