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Accession Number PB2013-109989
Title President's Office of Science and Technology Policy(OSTP): Issues for Congress. November 26, 2012.
Publication Date Nov 2012
Media Count 48p
Personal Author D. A. Shea J. F. Sargent
Abstract Congress established the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) through the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (P.L. 94-282). The act states that The primary function of the OSTP Director is to provide, within the Executive Office of the President (EOP), advice on the scientific, engineering, and technological aspects of issues that require attention at the highest level of Government. Further, The Office shall serve as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans, and programs of the Federal Government. The President nominates the OSTP Director, and he is subject to confirmation by the Senate. In many Administrations, the President has concurrently appointed the OSTP Director to the position of Assistant to the President for Science and Technology Policy (APST), a position which allows for the provision of confidential advice to the President on matters of science and technology. President Obama both appointed John Holdren as Assistant to the President for Science and Technology (APST) and nominated him as OSTP Director, a position to which the Senate confirmed him. While Congress can require the OSTP Director to testify, the APST may decline requests to testify on the basis of separation of powers and/or executive privilege. The APST manages the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), an interagency body established by Executive Order 12881 that coordinates science and technology (S&T) policy across the federal government. The APST also co-chairs the Presidents Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST), a council of external advisors established by Executive Order 13539 that provides advice to the President.
Keywords Advisory activities
Decision making
Federal budgets
Information sciences
Interagency coordination
Life sciences
Physical sciences
President(United States)
Space sciences

Source Agency Congressional Research Service
NTIS Subject Category 70B - Management Practice
92 - Behavior & Society
92C - Social Concerns
Corporate Author Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Congressional rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1323
Contract Number N/A

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