Accession Number PB2013-108763
Title Drug Abuse Warning Network, 2011: National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits.
Publication Date 2013
Media Count 100p
Personal Author N/A
Abstract This publication presents national estimates of drug-related visits to hospital emergency departments (EDs) for the calendar year 2011, based on data from the Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN). Also presented are comparisons of 2011 estimates with those for 2004, 2009, and 2010. DAWN is a public health surveillance system that monitors drug-related ED visits for the Nation and for selected metropolitan areas. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), is the agency responsible for DAWN. SAMHSA is required to collect data on drug-related ED visits under Section 505 of the Public Health Service Act. DAWN relies on a nationally representative sample of general, non-Federal hospitals operating 24-hour EDs, with oversampling of hospitals in selected metropolitan areas. In each participating hospital, ED medical records are reviewed retrospectively to find the ED visits that involved recent drug use. All types of drugsillegal drugs, prescription drugs, over-the-counter pharmaceuticals (e.g., dietary supplements, cough medicine), and substances inhaled for their psychoactive effectsare included. Alcohol is considered an illicit drug when consumed by patients aged 20 or younger. For patients aged 21 or older, though, alcohol is reported only when it is used in conjunction with other drugs. Marked findings of this report are (a) a 29 percent increase in the number of drug-related ED visits involving illicit drugs in the short term between 2009 and 2011; (b) simultaneous, short-term increases in the involvement of both illicit and licit stimulant-like drugs; and (c) some indications that the pace of increases in pharmaceutical involvement is slowing down.
Keywords Adverse effects
Alcohol abuse
Attempted suicide
Charts(Graphs)
Detoxification
Drug abuse
Emergency medical services
Emergency rooms
Estimates
Hospitals
Illicit drugs
Ingestion
Overmedication
Poisoning
Prescription drugs
Statistical data
Substance abuse
Tables(Data)


 
Source Agency Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
NTIS Subject Category 57E - Clinical Medicine
44C - Community & Population Characteristics
92C - Social Concerns
57Q - Pharmacology & Pharmacological Chemistry
57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
44T - Data & Information Systems
Corporate Author Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, Rockville, MD. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1318
Contract Number HHSP23320095651WC

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