Accession Number PB2013-108738
Title Epistemic Uncertainty for NGA-West2 Models.
Publication Date May 2013
Media Count 86p
Personal Author L. Al Atik R. R. Youngs
Abstract Probabilistic seismic hazard studies typically address the epistemic uncertainty in ground motion estimation by using a weighted set of alternative ground motion models. This approach relies on the assumption that the alternative models are developed independently, and the resulting range of model predictions adequately captures the epistemic uncertainty in ground motion estimation. The development of the NGA-West2 ground motion prediction equations (GMPEs) is a collaborative effort with many interactions and exchange of ideas among the developers. Despite the fact that the NGA-West2 models have different functional forms and use different subsets of the available empirical data, the high degree of interaction indicates that the models are not independent. The NGA developers all agree that an additional epistemic uncertainty needs to be incorporated into the median ground motion estimation from these models. In this report, we present an approach for estimating the minimum epistemic uncertainty in the median NGA-West2 GMPEs based on model-to-model differences and the uncertainty in the median predictions of each GMPE. Results of the model-to-model and within-model uncertainty for the 5 NGA-West2 GMPEs are presented. A model is proposed to incorporate a minimum epistemic uncertainty in the median of individual NGA-West2 GMPEs.
Keywords Attenuation
Earthquakes
Ground motion
Models
National Generation Attenuation(NGA)
Prediction equations
Probabilisitc estimation
Probabilistic seismic hazard studies
Seismic events
Uncertainty analysis


 
Source Agency US Geological Survey
University of California Earthquake Engineering Research Cent Berkeley
NTIS Subject Category 48F - Geology & Geophysics
63I - Seismic Detection
Corporate Author Geomatrix Consultants, Inc., Oakland, CA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1318
Contract Number N/A

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