Accession Number PB2013-108405
Title Hydraulic Performance of Small Scale Bridge Deck Drains.
Publication Date Mar 2013
Media Count 112p
Personal Author M. Barrett Q. Qian R. Charbeneau X. Liu
Abstract Efficient removal of stormwater runoff from bridge deck surfaces is an important safety issue. This study investigates hydraulic performance characteristics of a new type of rectangular bridge deck drain. A physical modeling study was conducted to evaluate the hydraulic performance of the innovative rectangular bridge deck drain as a function of the approach discharge, different drain configurations, and bridge characteristics. Experiments included different numbers of open drains in series for variable approach discharge cross slope and longitudinal slope. Measurements included gutter flow depth (Y) and ponding width (T) at different stations along the deck, and the capture discharge and bypass discharge. A model equation is presented for predicting the capture discharge as a function of drain size (L+W), the number of open drains (N), Mannings coefficient (n), depth of approached gutter flow (Y), longitudinal slope (S0), and cross slope (Sx). For experiments considering one through five drains in series (1-5 drains), the rating curve for each individual drain is the same when the drain size is 4 by 8 inches; however, the rating curve decreases slightly with successive drains when the drain size is 6 by 8 inches.
Keywords Approach discharge
Bridge decks
Capture discharge
Drainage
Flow depth
Gutters
Hydraulics
Performance evaluation
Safety
Slopes
Storm water runoff


 
Source Agency Federal Highway Administration
NTIS Subject Category 50A - Highway Engineering
85H - Road Transportation
43G - Transportation
91B - Transportation & Traffic Planning
Corporate Author Texas Univ. at Austin. Center for Transportation Research.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Technical rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1318
Contract Number N/A

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