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Accession Number PB2013-106265
Title Forensic Pathology Tool to Predict Pediatric Skull Fracture Patterns.
Publication Date Dec 2012
Media Count 130p
Personal Author B. J. Powell C. D. Wagner K. H. Yang N. V. Passalaqua R. C. Haut T. G. Baumer T. W. Fenton
Abstract In cases of violence against infants and young children that result in death, the victims are voiceless and incapable of telling their own stories. It is the job of the forensic pathologist to determine the cause and manner of death in these cases. The ability to establish the circumstances of death in these cases is severely hampered by the lack of skull fracture standards for infants and young children. Namely, it is difficult to determine if the observed pediatric cranial trauma is consistent with inflicted trauma or with an accidental fall from a short distance. The lack of baseline data represents a major gap in best practice in the forensic death investigation. The current research is a collaborative effort between forensic anthropologists and biomechanical engineers focused on generating baseline data on pediatric cranial fracture initiation, propagation, and patterning using a porcine animal model. This research had four primary aims. The first aim was to conduct impact experiments at high and low impact energy on developing porcine skulls of varying age using rigid and compliant interfaces to show characteristic fracture patterns. The second aim was to perform tests to determine the elastic and failure properties of the developing porcine bone and suture. The third aim was to develop a computational tool to predict fracture patterns on the porcine skull. And, the fourth aim was to develop a mathematically based model of the pediatric human skull.
Keywords Death
Forensic pathology
Infants
Pediatrics
Skull fracture patterns
Trauma
Victims
Violences
Young children


 
Source Agency Department of Justice General
NTIS Subject Category 92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
57O - Pathology
57E - Clinical Medicine
Corporate Author Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1314
Contract Number N/A

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