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Accession Number PB2013-105837
Title Work-Related Injuries among Immigrant Workers.
Publication Date Oct 2010
Media Count 37p
Personal Author B. Lu G. A. Smith H. Xiang J. Wilkins K. Kelleher
Abstract Immigrants are an important and fast growing segment of the US population, approximately 12% of the total population. Immigrant workers comprise a sizable proportion of the total US workforce, and their numbers are growing. In recent years, safety and injury prevention at work have been raised as an issue among the US immigrant population, in part, because low skill immigrants are often employed in dangerous sectors such as agriculture and construction industries. This research project investigated nonfatal injuries and work-related injuries among immigrants and US-born adults in the United States. We used three national probability sample survey data: 1997-2005 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC), and 2000-2005 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS). The NHIS data were used to compare prevalence and patterns of work-related injuries between immigrant and US-born workers (Specific Aim 1). The NESARC data were used to compare the prevalence of unintentional nonfatal injuries and risk-taking behaviors between immigrant and US-born respondents. The MEPS data were used to study medical expenditures of nonfatal occupational injuries and to describe potential differences between immigrant and US-born workers in medical utilization and expenditures after work-related injuries. Results: Immigrant workers reported a lower rate of work-related injuries than US-born workers, 50/10,000 (95% CI=45-56) versus 89/10,000 (95% CI=86-93). In all industrial categories, foreign-born workers reported a significantly lower rate of work-related injuries than US-born workers. Patterns of work-related injuries with regard to external cause of injury, nature of injury, and injured body region were similar between the two groups. Injury severity measures suggested that foreign-born workers may have suffered more severe injuries than US-born workers. The total annual medical expenditures for work-related injuries were $13.9 billion (95% CI: $12.4-$15.5 billion) for US-born workers (88.5%) and $1.8 billion (95% CI: $1.5-$2.2 billion) for immigrant workers (11.5%).
Keywords Agricultural industry
Construction industry
Labor force
Occupational safety and health
Public health
Risk factors
Statistical data
Work environments

Source Agency National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
68G - Environmental Health & Safety
92C - Social Concerns
Corporate Author Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Coll. of Medicine.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1314
Contract Number N/A

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