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Accession Number PB2013-105835
Title Improved Spray Scavenging of Particulates Via Acoustical Exciation of Drop Oscillations.
Publication Date Oct 2012
Media Count 28p
Personal Author J. R. Saylor
Abstract In spite of significant efforts that have been made to protect the respiratory health of mine workers, exposure to coal dust, silica dust, diesel particulate matter and other suspended particles continues to threaten the pulmonary health of the mining work force. This is true in both surface mining and underground mines. Within the mining work force illnesses that continue to be common are silicosis and coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP or black lung disease). Of greatest threat to respiratory health are particles that are approximately one micron in diameter. Particles which are much larger than this size range tend to be captured in the oropharyngeal area of the human respiratory system. However, significant alveolar deposition occurs for particles ranging in diameter from O.Olum to 10um (EPA, 1999). Water sprays are used in many aspects of mining in an attempt to reduce the level of particulate matter in the air that is breathed by the mining work force. Sprays are used to wet the gallery walls where cutting occurs, as well as to wet recently cut rock and coal. Additionally, sprays are employed in wet scrubbers that are used in the cabs of mining vehicles. Wet scrubbers are also used on the sides of continuous mining machines where air is pulled from the cutting region, directed through the scrubbers and then returned at the rear of the continuous mining machine in the vicinity of the operator. Unfortunately, while water sprays can be very effective at removing relatively large and very small particles from air, for particles precisely in the 0.01 to 10 um range that are most dangerous to respiratory health, water sprays are relatively ineffective. Because a large installed base of water spraying nozzles and affiliated equipment already exists, the focus of the proposed work was to improve the efficacy of such sprays, rather than to develop a completely different method for lowering dust levels in mines. Specifically, the use of ultrasonic excitation of the spray was proposed as a means for improving the ability of sprays to scavenge particulate matter from the air.
Keywords Air pollution control
Diesel fuels
Dusts
Environmental exposure
Illnesses
Miners
Mining industry
Occuaptional safety and health
Particulates
Pulmonary system disorders
Respiratory system disorders
Sprays
Underground mining
Wet scrubbers


 
Source Agency National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
NTIS Subject Category 68A - Air Pollution & Control
68G - Environmental Health & Safety
48A - Mineral Industries
57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
Corporate Author Clemson Univ., SC. Office of Sponsored Program.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1314
Contract Number N/A

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