Accession Number PB2013-105222
Title Evaluation of Waivers Granted Under WIA.
Publication Date Sep 2012
Media Count 111p
Personal Author B. English C. Pickens-Jewell G. Rowe J. Ziegler S. Sattar
Abstract The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) is the largest source of employment and training services in the country, serving over eight million participants in program year (PY) 2010. The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) administers the program and provides funding to states and local areas to deliver a variety of services to adults, dislocated workers, and youth. The programs statutory requirements are determined by Congress, and the regulations that govern state policy are established by DOL; in addition, each state and local area can develop policies that are consistent with federal regulations. Because the need for services is not uniform across states and local areas, states are able to apply for waivers of WIA and its regulations. These waivers may affect the allocation of resources, administration of programs, or types of employment and training services available to various groups. DOL approved over 700 state-requested waivers between PYs 2008 and 2010. These waivers provide state and local areas with flexibility to more efficiently administer the program and serve clients as needs shift throughout a given year. Although waivers are widely available, it is not clear how or to what extent they play a role in helping states and local areas respond to the needs of their workforce or employers. DOL has contracted with Mathematica Policy Research to conduct an evaluation of selected waivers approved in PYs 2009 and 2010 (PY 2008 is studied as a point of comparison). Mathematica reviewed federal and state documentation related to waiver use for 20 selected states and conducted telephone interviews with state and local-level administrators in those states. Mathematica then conducted in-depth site visits to 12 of these local areas. This report provides a descriptive analysis of the findings, discussing the reasons for waiver requests and implementation of waivers at the state and local level, the successes and challenges of these efforts, and lessons that can be learned from these states and local areas waiver use.
Keywords Disadvantaged groups
Employment
Government policies
Grants
Implementation
Labor force
Local areas
Participants
Program evaluation
Regulations
State agencies
Statutes
Training
Waiver
Workforce Investment Act(WIA)


 
Source Agency Department of Labor, Employment Standards Administration
NTIS Subject Category 70D - Personnel Management, Labor Relations & Manpower Studies
92A - Job Training & Career Development
92C - Social Concerns
43C - Human Resources
Corporate Author Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1311
Contract Number DOLQ091A20941

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