Documents in the NTIS Technical Reports collection are the results of federally funded research. They are directly submitted to or collected by NTIS from Federal agencies for permanent accessibility to industry, academia and the public.  Before purchasing from NTIS, you may want to check for free access from (1) the issuing organization's website; (2) the U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Digital System website; (3) the federal government Internet portal; or (4) a web search conducted using a commercial search engine such as
Accession Number PB2013-105117
Title Women's Pathways to Jail: The Roles and Intersections of Serious Mental Illness and Trauma.
Publication Date Sep 2012
Media Count 91p
Personal Author B. L. Green D. D. DeHart J. Belknap S. M. Lynch
Abstract This multi-site study addressed critical gaps in the literature by assessing the prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders (SUD) in women in jail and pathways to offending for women with and without SMI. Using a randomly selected sample (N = 491) from rural and urban jails, this study employed a structured diagnostic interview to assess current and lifetime prevalence of SMI (e.g., major depression, bipolar, and psychotic spectrum disorders), PTSD, and SUD in women in jail. Womens prior access to treatment and level of functional impairment in the past 12 months was also assessed. Next, qualitative Life History Calendar (LHC) interviews were conducted with a subset of the sample (N = 115) to examine how onset of different types of criminal activity and delinquency vary as a function of mental health status and trauma exposure. Finally, we also interviewed corrections staff members (N = 37) at participating jail sites to assess staff members perceptions about the prevalence of mental health difficulties in women in jail as well as staff beliefs about womens pathways to jail. Notably, 43% of participants met criteria for a lifetime SMI, and 32% met SMI criteria in the past 12 months. Substance use disorders were the most commonly occurring disorders, with 82% of the sample meeting lifetime criteria for drug or alcohol abuse or dependence. Similarly, PTSD rates were high with just over half the sample (53%) meeting criteria for lifetime PTSD. Women also met criteria for multiple lifetime disorders at high rates. Finally, 30 to 45% of individuals who met criteria for a current disorder reported severely impaired functioning in the past year. Women with SMI reported greater rates of victimization and more extensive offending histories than women who did not meet criteria for lifetime SMI.
Keywords Admissions
Correctional facilities
Correctional institutions
Criminal justice
Drug users
Equal opportunity
Legal aspects
Medical services
Mental illness
Substance abuse programs
Work programs

Source Agency Office of Justice Programs.
NTIS Subject Category 92C - Social Concerns
57T - Psychiatry
92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
43 - Problem Solving Information for State & Local Governments
Corporate Author Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Bureau of Justice Assistance.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1314
Contract Number BJA-2010-DB-BX-K048

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader