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Accession Number PB2013-105117
Title Women's Pathways to Jail: The Roles and Intersections of Serious Mental Illness and Trauma.
Publication Date Sep 2012
Media Count 91p
Personal Author B. L. Green D. D. DeHart J. Belknap S. M. Lynch
Abstract This multi-site study addressed critical gaps in the literature by assessing the prevalence of serious mental illness (SMI), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and substance use disorders (SUD) in women in jail and pathways to offending for women with and without SMI. Using a randomly selected sample (N = 491) from rural and urban jails, this study employed a structured diagnostic interview to assess current and lifetime prevalence of SMI (e.g., major depression, bipolar, and psychotic spectrum disorders), PTSD, and SUD in women in jail. Womens prior access to treatment and level of functional impairment in the past 12 months was also assessed. Next, qualitative Life History Calendar (LHC) interviews were conducted with a subset of the sample (N = 115) to examine how onset of different types of criminal activity and delinquency vary as a function of mental health status and trauma exposure. Finally, we also interviewed corrections staff members (N = 37) at participating jail sites to assess staff members perceptions about the prevalence of mental health difficulties in women in jail as well as staff beliefs about womens pathways to jail. Notably, 43% of participants met criteria for a lifetime SMI, and 32% met SMI criteria in the past 12 months. Substance use disorders were the most commonly occurring disorders, with 82% of the sample meeting lifetime criteria for drug or alcohol abuse or dependence. Similarly, PTSD rates were high with just over half the sample (53%) meeting criteria for lifetime PTSD. Women also met criteria for multiple lifetime disorders at high rates. Finally, 30 to 45% of individuals who met criteria for a current disorder reported severely impaired functioning in the past year. Women with SMI reported greater rates of victimization and more extensive offending histories than women who did not meet criteria for lifetime SMI.
Keywords Admissions
Correctional facilities
Correctional institutions
Criminal justice
Drug users
Equal opportunity
Inmates
Legal aspects
Medical services
Mental illness
Populations
Procedures
Substance abuse programs
Women
Work programs


 
Source Agency Office of Justice Programs.
NTIS Subject Category 92C - Social Concerns
57T - Psychiatry
92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
43 - Problem Solving Information for State & Local Governments
Corporate Author Department of Justice, Washington, DC. Bureau of Justice Assistance.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1314
Contract Number BJA-2010-DB-BX-K048

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