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Accession Number PB2013-104645
Title Federal Rulemaking: Agencies Could Take Additional Steps to Respond to Public Comments.
Publication Date Dec 2012
Media Count 118p
Personal Author N/A
Abstract Agencies publish thousands of rules each year, with significant benefits and costs. Before issuing a final rule, agencies are generally required to publish an NPRM in the Federal Register. Agencies must then respond to public comments when issuing final rules. Agencies may use exceptions in certain circumstances to forgo this NPRM process to expedite rulemaking. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has authority to provide guidance on regulatory issues. GAO was asked to provide information on the rulemaking process. This report addresses (1) how often agencies issued final rules without an NPRM; (2) which exceptions agencies used to do this; and (3) whether agencies took certain actions when issuing major rules without an NPRM, including voluntarily requesting and responding to public comments. GAO reviewed a generalizable random sample of 1,338 final rules published during calendar years 2003 through 2010. The sample contained rules by 52 agencies, including all cabinet departments issuing regulations. GAO completed more detailed analyses of 123 major rules without an NPRM, including every such rule published from 2007 through 2010, to obtain additional information to answer the objectives.
Keywords Benefits
Economic impact
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking(NPRM)
Public comments

Source Agency General Accounting Office
NTIS Subject Category 96A - Domestic Commerce, Marketing, & Economics
41O - Domestic Commerce, Marketing, & Economics
43B - Economic & Community Development
91J - Economic Studies
Corporate Author Government Accountability Office, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1310
Contract Number N/A

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