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Accession Number PB2013-103431
Title Indiana 2012 Five-Percent Report.
Publication Date Sep 2012
Media Count 41p
Personal Author N/A
Abstract The federal transportation act, SAFETEA-LU, created the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) as a new core federal aid funding source with the purpose of reducing traffic fatalities and serious injuries. States submit annual reports that identify highway locations exhibiting the most severe safety needs that represent not less than five percent of crashes in their areas. The intent of this provision is to increase public awareness of the highway safety needs and challenges around the country. There are approximately 95,600 miles of public roads in Indiana on which total travel per year is nearly 74 billion miles. State roads, U.S. highways, and interstates (those on the state (INDOT)-jurisdictional network) make up about 11,200 miles of that total, or roughly 12 percent. For the years of 2009-2011 Indiana on average experienced approximately 190,500 traffic crashes statewide, which included an average of 3612 fatal and incapacitating injury crashes, 30.800 non-incapacitating and possible injury crashes, and 156,100 property damage only crashes. The fatal crash events for the three years resulted in a three year average of 733 deaths annually. Incapacitating injury crash events resulted in 3,348 incapacitated persons, and non-incapacitating injury crash event resulted in 42,900 non-incapacitated persons. The personal, societal, and economic costs of these crashes are staggering. Factors contributing to traffic crashes and resulting costs are numerous, complex, and interrelated. Among them are driver behavior, including distracted driving, speeding, driving while impaired, aggressive driving, failure to use seatbelts, and operating a car or truck while drowsy or intoxicated. There are factors related to vehicle (e.g., tire tread, presence of on-board safety features like anti-lock brake etc.), enforcement (e.g. intensity of ticketing, patrolling), weather events, and circumstances relating to emergency responders. Also, the engineering status of the various elements of the physical road infrastructure is a factor in crash risk, such as the sharpness of curves, the shoulder width, the sight distance, and the condition of traffic control devices.
Keywords Accident location
Accident reduction
Annual report
Driver behavior
Economic factors
Highway safety
Motor vehicle accidents
State highways
Traffic law enforcement

Source Agency Federal Highway Administration
NTIS Subject Category 85D - Transportation Safety
85H - Road Transportation
43G - Transportation
91B - Transportation & Traffic Planning
Corporate Author Purdue Univ., West Lafayette, IN.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1308
Contract Number N/A

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