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Accession Number PB2013-102721
Title Promixity Information Resources for Special Events.
Publication Date Jun 2012
Media Count 28p
Personal Author D. Nelson
Abstract The initial IDEA proposal described the development of a mobile application to assist in management and communications during large events, such as events hosted at the National Mall. The concept was coined PRISM for Proximity Information System for Mobility during special events. The PRISM team was unified through common experiences while attending special events in the Washington DC area. At these events, critical information related either to health, sanitation (restrooms), first aid, guidance, or mobility (parking, shuttles, and recommended driving routes) were frustratingly difficult to obtain. Many times event specific information such as the program, timetables and navigation of booths and stages were also inconveniently conveyed by event organizers. Stage I of the project consisted of sharing the PRISM concept, and its motivations to a number of potential stakeholders and experts. Through collaboration with this group, the PRISM concept was refined, and revealed that event organizers were similarly frustrated by the lack of objective information about the size and disposition of the crowd attending the event, and by lack of means to communicate with them, particularly in emergency situations. By the completion of Stage I, a number of smartphone applications had emerged to service conference venues, delivering a portion of the event specific information envisioned by the original PRISM concept. Although commercial applications were emerging, a significant market gap was identified for a communication and management system for special events that performed the following functions: (1) Measure crowd size, density, and movement. Automated methods to assess crowd metrics are notably absent in the market. (2) Transform these crowd metrics data into usable information for event management. A crowd management information stream is a welcome addition to emergency management tools. (3) Provide an authorized communication channel for authorities and event managers to communicate to event attendees, particularly in the event of emergencies but could also be used for more venue and program information. (4) Ensure that this communication link is robust and fail-safe so that it is available in emergencies even when cellular communications fail.
Keywords Driving routes
First aid
Information systems
Innovations Deserving Exploratory Analysis(IDEA)
Mobile communication systems
Research program
Special events
Traffic management

Source Agency National Academy of Science Transportation Research Board
NTIS Subject Category 91B - Transportation & Traffic Planning
43G - Transportation
85H - Road Transportation
45C - Common Carrier & Satellite
Corporate Author Transportation Research Board, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Final rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1305
Contract Number N/A

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