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Accession Number PB2013-102685
Title Status Review Report of 82 Candidate Coral Species Petitioned Under the U.S. Endangered Species Act.
Publication Date Sep 2011
Media Count 581p
Personal Author C. Birkeland C. M. Eakin M. W. Miller P. McElhany R. E. Brainard
Abstract On October 20, 2009, the Center for Biological Diversity petitioned the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) to list 83 coral species as threatened or endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. The petition was based on a predicted decline in available habitat for the species, citing anthropogenic climate change and ocean acidification as the lead factors among the various stressors responsible for the potential decline. The NMFS identified 82 of the corals as candidate species, finding that the petition provided substantive information for a potential listing of these species. The NMFS established a Biological Review Team (BRT) to prepare this Status Review Report that examines the status of these 82 candidate coral species and evaluates extinction risk for each of them. This document makes no recommendations for listing, as that is a separate evaluation to be conducted by the NMFS. The BRT considered two major factors in conducting this review. The first factor was the interaction of natural phenomena and anthropogenic stressors that could potentially contribute to coral extinction. After extensive review of available scientific information, the BRT considers ocean warming, disease, and ocean acidification to be the most influential threats in posing extinction risks to the 82 candidate coral species between now and the year 2100. Threats of local origin but having widespread impact, such as sedimentation, nutrient enrichment, and fishing, were considered of medium importance in determining extinction risks. It is acknowledged that many other threats (e.g., physical damage from storms or ship groundings, invasive species or predator outbreaks, collection and trade) also negatively affect corals, often acutely and dramatically, but generally at relatively small local scales.
Keywords Biological Review Team (BRT)
Coral reefs
Coral species
Endangered species
National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS)
Status review

Source Agency National Marine Fisheries Service
NTIS Subject Category 57H - Ecology
57Z - Zoology
Corporate Author National Marine Fisheries Service, Honolulu, HI. Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1305
Contract Number N/A

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