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Accession Number PB2013-101253
Title Vegetation Inventory Project: Big Hole National Battlefield.
Publication Date Apr 2012
Media Count 176p
Personal Author D. Cogan J. A. Erixson
Abstract Big Hole National Battlefield (BIHO) is located in southeast Montana near the town of Wisdom. Established in 1910 and expanded over the years the 665 acre site preserves and memorializes the tragic battle on August 9-10, 1877 between the U.S. Army, some Montana volunteers, and the Nez Perce people. The battle was part of a five-month conflict between the Nez Perce and the U.S. Army that culminated with the Nez Perce surrender on October 4, 1877. Today the National Park Service manages the sight of the battle in the Big Hole Valley next to the North Fork of the Big Hole River. Contained within BIHO are most of the important battlefield sites including the Howitzer Capture Site, the Siege Area, Battlefield Monument, the Nez Perce Campsite, the battle zone that includes the Twin Trees, Horse Pasture, and Retreat areas, and a battlefield overlook area. The BIHO landscape is comprised of mostly natural vegetation that closely mirrors the battlefield conditions during the time of the conflict. Bisecting the battlefield is the confluence of Trail and Ruby Creeks that form the beginning of the North Fork of the Big Hole River. The river meanders through the center of BIHO creating a broad floodplain bordered by the steep eastern-slope of Battle Mountain to the west and a flat upland bench to the east. Vegetation at this site varies by location with the dry mountain slope containing second growth conifer trees and sagebrush steppe vegetation, willow and grass-like marshes are prominent in the floodplain, and the bench area is covered by sagebrush and various grasses.
Keywords Big Hole National Battlefield
Plant species

Source Agency National Park Service
NTIS Subject Category 98D - Agronomy, Horticulture, & Plant Pathology
57H - Ecology
Corporate Author Northwest Management, Inc., Moscow, ID.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1302
Contract Number N/A

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