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Accession Number PB2013-100460
Title Expedited Planning and Environmental Review of Highway Projects.
Publication Date 2012
Media Count 132p
Personal Author N/A
Abstract The main objectives of this study were to identify, describe, and evaluate effective tools and techniques for expediting the delivery of transportation projects and to present that information so that it is accessible and useful to practitioners and decision makers. In addition to this report, key findings will also be available on the Transportation for Communities website (1). That site will provide tools and information that can be used to understand and implement specific strategies for expediting project delivery. The literature review indicated that the transportation sector dominates the pool of existing studies and information related to evaluating project delay and promoting expedited project delivery. The reasons for this are probably twofold: first, completing the environmental impact statement (EIS) process--a task that consumes a substantial share of the overall schedule to deliver large, federalized projects--consistently takes longer for transportation projects than for any other sector (2); second, starting in the late 1990s, federal legislation, executive orders, and policies directed the transportation sector to improve the speed of project delivery. The last three federal transportation authorization bills have included language aimed at reducing project delay. Most recently, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) launched the Every Day Counts initiative, which is designed to identify and deploy innovation aimed at shortening project delivery (3) Projects can be either delayed or expedited in every phase of delivery. This study was specifically directed to evaluate the earlier phases of delivery that lead up to final design and construction. Nearly all of the strategies described here are implemented during the planning, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), or permitting phases. There are two important points to make in regard to the timing of the strategies. The benefits of many strategies are not always realized in the phases in which they are implemented; sometimes the expediting benefits do not accrue until later phases of project delivery.
Keywords Decision making
Environmental impact
Highway design
Program evaluation
Project delivery
Road construction
Transportation planning

Source Agency National Academy of Science Transportation Research Board
NTIS Subject Category 91B - Transportation & Traffic Planning
43G - Transportation
85 - Transportation
68 - Environmental Pollution & Control
Corporate Author Strategic Highway Research Program, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1303
Contract Number N/A

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