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Accession Number PB2013-100147
Title Independently Owned Pharmacy Closures in Rural America. Rural Policy Brief No. 2012-4.
Publication Date Jul 2012
Media Count 4p
Personal Author F. Ullrich K. Boyle K. Mueller
Abstract The closure of rural independently owned pharmacies, including pharmacies that are the sole source of access to local pharmacy services, from 2003 through 2011 coincides with the implementation of two major policies related to payment for prescription medications: Medicare prescription drug discount cards were introduced on January 1, 2004, and the Medicare prescription drug benefit (Part D) began on January 1, 2006. In this brief, we focus on rural pharmacy closure because of the potential threat such closures present to access to any local pharmacy services in a community. Services include providing medications from local stock without delay or travel, overseeing administration of medications to nursing homes and hospitals, and patient consultation.
Keywords Beneficiaries
Cash flow
Cash paying
Fixed costs
Health insurance plans
Part D plans
Rural areas

Source Agency Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, DC
NTIS Subject Category 92C - Social Concerns
44U - Health Care Delivery Organization & Administration
44J - Health Delivery Plans, Projects & Studies
57E - Clinical Medicine
96A - Domestic Commerce, Marketing, & Economics
Corporate Author Iowa Univ. College of Public Health, Iowa City. RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1303
Contract Number N/A

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