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Accession Number PB2012-114885
Title Adolescent Alcohol Use: Do Risk and Protective Factors Explain Rural-Urban Differences.
Publication Date Mar 2012
Media Count 46p
Personal Author D. Hartley D. Lambert J. A. Gale J. D. Lenardson
Abstract Adolescent alcohol use is a significant public health problem among U.S. adolescents, with 26% of 12-17 year-olds reporting past month drinking in 2010. During the month preceding the 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, , 42% of high school students drank alcohol, 24% engaged in binge drinking, 10% drove after drinking, and 28% rode in a car with a driver who had been drinking. These behaviors pose immediate risks for adolescents including injuries, accidents, physical and sexual assault, and risky sexual and social behavior as well as long term risks including poor academic performance, physical health problems, changes in brain development, dependency and abuse of other substances, increased risk for suicide and homicide, and an increased likelihood of alcohol use disorders in adulthood. Past studies, including our own work, have found that rural adolescents were more likely to use alcohol than urban adolescents. Research suggests that protective factors, such as peer and parental disapproval, may be weaker among youth living in rural areas. This study examines the factors associated with adolescent alcohol use, whether they differ between rural and urban populations, and the extent to which these differences account for rural-urban variations in adolescent alcohol use. This knowledge is crucial to the development of rural-specific prevention strategies, targeted research on rural adolescent alcohol use, and long-term policy interventions.
Keywords Adolescents
Alcohol use
Binge drinking
Rural populations
Substance abuse
Urban populations

Source Agency Health Resources Administration
NTIS Subject Category 57E - Clinical Medicine
92C - Social Concerns
Corporate Author University of Southern Maine, Portland. Edmund S. Muskie Inst. of Public Affairs.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1226
Contract Number N/A

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