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Accession Number PB2012-114874
Title Infant Mortality Statistics from the 2008 Period Linked Birth/Infant Death Data Set.
Publication Date 2012
Media Count 49p
Personal Author M. F. MacDorman T. J. Mathews
Abstract The U.S. infant mortality rate was 6.61 infant deaths per 1,000 live births in 2008, 2 percent lower than the rate of 6.75 in 2007. Infant mortality rates ranged from 4.51 per 1,000 live births for Asian or Pacific Islander mothers to 12.67 for non-Hispanic black mothers. The rate for non-Hispanic black women declined 5 percent from 2007 to 2008. Infant mortality was higher for male infants and infants born preterm or at low birthweight. Infant mortality rates were also higher for those infants who were born in multiple deliveries, to mothers who were unmarried, and for those whose mothers were born in the 50 States or the District of Columbia. From 2007 to 2008, the neonatal mortality rate (less than 28 days) declined by 3 percent to 4.29 neonatal deaths per 1,000 live births, while the postneonatal mortality rate (28 days to less than one year) remained essentially unchanged (2.32). Preterm and low birthweight infants had the highest infant mortality rates and contributed greatly to the overall US infant mortality. The three leading causes of infant death - Congenital malformations, low birthweight, and SIDS - accounted for 46 percent of all infant deaths. In 2008, 35.4 percent of infant deaths were preterm-related.
Keywords Birth weight
Death certificates
Gestational age
Health statistics
Infant mortality
Maternal characteristics
Statistical data
Vital statistics

Source Agency National Center for Health Statistics
NTIS Subject Category 44C - Community & Population Characteristics
92 - Behavior & Society
Corporate Author National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD. National Vital Statistics System.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1226
Contract Number N/A

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