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Accession Number PB2012-114857
Title How Economic Conditions Affect Participation in USDA Nutrition Assistance Programs.
Publication Date Sep 2012
Media Count 62p
Personal Author K. Hanson V. Oliveira
Abstract This study, based on 1976-2010 data, examines the relationship between U.S. economic conditions and participation in the U.S. Department of Agricultures five largest nutrition assistance programs. It also describes how changes in program policy and other factors may have influenced this relationship. The five programs are: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly the Food Stamp Program), Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), National School Lunch Program (NSLP), School Breakfast Program (SBP), and Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP). Although SNAPs reputation as one of the Nations primary countercyclical assistance programsexpanding during economic downturns and contracting during periods of economic growthis well established, there has been little analysis of the effect of the economy on the other programs. The results of this study strongly suggest that, to varying degrees, economic conditions influence participation in all the major nutrition assistance programs, not just in SNAP.
Keywords Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
Economic conditions
National School Lunch Program (NSLP)
Nutrition assistance program
Program policy
School Breakfast Program (SBP)
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women Infants and
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
Unemployment rate

Source Agency Economic Research Service
NTIS Subject Category 44C - Community & Population Characteristics
57L - Nutrition
Corporate Author Economic Research Service, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1226
Contract Number N/A

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