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Accession Number N20130009179
Title Desert Research and Technology Studies (DRATS) Traverse Planning.
Publication Date Jan 2012
Media Count 13p
Personal Author F. Horz
Abstract Slide 1) The Desert Research and Technology Studies (DRATS) include large scale field tests of manned lunar surface exploration systems; these tests are sponsored by the Director s Office of Integration (DOI) (sic, Directorate Integration Office (DIO)) within the Constellation Program and they include geological exploration objectives along well designed traverses. These traverses are designed by the Traverse Team, an ad hoc group of some 10 geologists form NASA and academia, as well as experts in mission operation who define the operational constraints applicable to specific simulation scenarios. (Slide 2) These DRATS/DOI tests focus on 1) the performance of major surface systems, such as rovers, mobile habitats, communication architecture, navigation tools, earth-moving equipment, unmanned reconnaissance robots etc. under realistic field conditions and 2) the development of operational concepts that integrate all of these systems into a single, optimized operation. The participation of science is currently concentrating on geological sciences, with the objective of developing suitable tools and documentation protocols to sample representative rocks for Earth return, and to generate some conceptual understanding of the ground support structure that will be needed for the real time science-support of a lunar surface crew. (Slide 3) Major surface systems exercised in the June 2008 analog tests at the Moses Lake site, WA. (Upper left) The Chariot Rover (developed at Johnson Space Center) is an unpressurized vehicle driven by fully suited crews. (Upper right) Mobile Habitat provided by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Chariot is the more nimble and mobile vehicle and the idea is to drive the habitat remotely to some rendezvous place where Chariot would catch up - after a lengthy traverse - at the end of the day. (Lower left) The K-10 remotely operated robot (provided by NASA Ames Research Center) conducting scientific/geologic reconnaissance of the prospective traverse region, locating specific sites for more detailed exploration by Chariot and its crew.
Keywords Constellation program
Field tests
Geological surveys
Geology
Habitats
Lunar surface
Man machine systems
Navigation
Protocol(Computers)
Reconnaissance
Robots
Rocks
Roving vehicles


 
Source Agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NTIS Subject Category 54 - Astronomy & Astrophysics
84B - Extraterrestial Exploration
Corporate Author National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center.
Document Type Conference proceedings
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1319
Contract Number N/A

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