Accession Number N20120014580
Title Interval Management with Spacing to Parallel Dependent Runways (IMSPIDR) Experiment and Results.
Publication Date Sep 2012
Media Count 15p
Personal Author B. T. Baxley K. A. Swieringa W. R. Capron
Abstract An area in aviation operations that may offer an increase in efficiency is the use of continuous descent arrivals (CDA), especially during dependent parallel runway operations. However, variations in aircraft descent angle and speed can cause inaccuracies in estimated time of arrival calculations, requiring an increase in the size of the buffer between aircraft. This in turn reduces airport throughput and limits the use of CDAs during high-density operations, particularly to dependent parallel runways. The Interval Management with Spacing to Parallel Dependent Runways (IMSPiDR) concept uses a trajectory-based spacing tool onboard the aircraft to achieve by the runway an air traffic control assigned spacing interval behind the previous aircraft. This paper describes the first ever experiment and results of this concept at NASA Langley. Pilots flew CDAs to the Dallas Fort-Worth airport using airspeed calculations from the spacing tool to achieve either a Required Time of Arrival (RTA) or Interval Management (IM) spacing interval at the runway threshold. Results indicate flight crews were able to land aircraft on the runway with a mean of 2 seconds and less than 4 seconds standard deviation of the air traffic control assigned time, even in the presence of forecast wind error and large time delay. Statistically significant differences in delivery precision and number of speed changes as a function of stream position were observed, however, there was no trend to the difference and the error did not increase during the operation. Two areas the flight crew indicated as not acceptable included the additional number of speed changes required during the wind shear event, and issuing an IM clearance via data link while at low altitude. A number of refinements and future spacing algorithm capabilities were also identified.
Keywords Air traffic control
Airspeed
Descent
Errors
Runways
Spacing
Trajectories
Wind shear


 
Source Agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NTIS Subject Category 85D - Transportation Safety
85A - Air Transportation
Corporate Author National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Hampton, VA. Langley Research Center.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1308
Contract Number N/A

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