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Accession Number N20120013781
Title Radiation from Accelerated Particles in Shocks and Reconnections.
Publication Date Mar 2012
Media Count 4p
Personal Author A. Nordlund B. Zhang D. H. Hartmann E. J. Choi G. J. Fishman H. Sol J. Frederiksen J. Niemiec K. I. Nishikawa K. W. Min M. Medvedev M. Pohl P. Hardee Y. Mizuno
Abstract Plasma instabilities are responsible not only for the onset and mediation of collisionless shocks but also for the associated acceleration of particles. We have investigated particle acceleration and shock structure associated with an unmagnetized relativistic electron-positron jet propagating into an unmagnetized electron-positron plasma. Cold jet electrons are thermalized and slowed while the ambient electrons are swept up to create a partially developed hydrodynamic-like shock structure. In the leading shock, electron density increases by a factor of about 3.5 in the simulation frame. Strong electromagnetic fields are generated in the trailing shock and provide an emission site. These magnetic fields contribute to the electrons transverse deflection and, more generally, relativistic acceleration behind the shock. We have calculated, self-consistently, the radiation from electrons accelerated in the turbulent magnetic fields. We found that the synthetic spectra depend on the Lorentz factor of the jet, its thermal temperature and strength of the generated magnetic fields. Our initial results of a jet-ambient interaction with anti-parallelmagnetic fields show pile-up of magnetic fields at the colliding shock, which may lead to reconnection and associated particle acceleration. We will investigate the radiation in a transient stage as a possible generation mechanism of precursors of prompt emission. In our simulations we calculate the radiation from electrons in the shock region. The detailed properties of this radiation are important for understanding the complex time evolution and spectral structure in gamma-ray bursts, relativistic jets, and supernova remnants.
Keywords Electromagnetic fields
Electromagnetic wave transmission
Electron density(Concentration)
Magnetohydrodynamic stability
Particle acceleration
Plasma jets
Plasma turbulence
Stellar mass
Stellar winds
Supernova remnants

Source Agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NTIS Subject Category 54C - Astrophysics
81B - Electric & Ion Propulsion
Corporate Author National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Huntsville, AL. George C. Marshall Space Flight Center.
Document Type Conference proceedings
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1305
Contract Number N/A

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