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Accession Number N20120007842
Title Life Support Systems for a New Lunar Lander.
Publication Date 2012
Media Count 8p
Personal Author E. Yagoda H. Rotter I. Stambaugh M. Anderson
Abstract A life support system concept has been developed for a new NASA lunar lander concept. The ground rules and assumptions driving the design of this vehicle are different from the Constellation Altair vehicle, and have led to a different design solution. For example, this concept assumes that the lander vehicle arrives in lunar orbit independently of the crew. It loiters in lunar orbit for months before rendezvousing with the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle (MPCV), resulting in the use of solar power for this new lander, rather than fuel cells that provided product water to the life support system in the Altair vehicle. Without the need to perform a single Lunar Orbit Insertion burn for both the lander and the MPCV, the modules do not have to be centered in the same way, so the new lander has a smaller ascent module than Altair and a large habitat rather than a small airlock. This new lander utilizes suitport technology to perform EVAs from the habitat, which leads to significantly different requirements for the pressure control system. This paper describes the major trades and resulting concept design for the life support system of a new lunar lander concept. I
Keywords Air locks
Crew exploration vehicle
Extravehicular activity
Fuel cells
Life support systems
Lunar orbits
Orbit insertion
Pressure regulators
Space habitats

Source Agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NTIS Subject Category 84G - Unmanned Spacecraft
84C - Manned Spacecraft
95E - Life Support Systems
84B - Extraterrestrial Exploration
Corporate Author National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Houston, TX. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center.
Document Type Conference proceedings
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1307
Contract Number N/A

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