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Accession Number N20110016616
Title Modeling the Entry of Micrometeoroids into the Atmospheres of Earth-like Planets.
Publication Date Jul 2011
Media Count 7p
Personal Author A. R. Pevyhouse M. E. Kress
Abstract The temperature profiles of micrometeors entering the atmospheres of Earth-like planets are calculated to determine the altitude at which exogenous organic compounds may be released. Previous experiments have shown that flash-heated micrometeorite analogs release organic compounds at temperatures from roughly 500 to 1000 K (1). The altitude of release is of great importance because it determines the fate of the compound. Organic compounds that are released deeper in the atmosphere are more likely to rapidly mix to lower altitudes where they can accumulate to higher abundances or form more complex molecules and/or aerosols. Variables that are explored here are particle size, entry angle, atmospheric density profiles, spectral type of the parent star, and planet mass. The problem reduces to these questions: (1) How much atmosphere does the particle pass through by the time it is heated to 500 K. (2) Is the atmosphere above sufficient to attenuate stellar UV such that the mixing timescale is shorter than the photochemical timescale for a particular compound. We present preliminary results that the effect of the planetary and particle parameters have on the altitude of organic release.
Keywords Abundance
Aerosols
Altitude
Atmospheric density
Atmospheric entry
Micrometeorites
Micrometeoroids
Molecules
Organic chemistry
Organic compounds
Photochemical reactions
Planetary atmospheres
Spectra
Stars
Temperature profiles


 
Source Agency National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NTIS Subject Category 54 - Astronomy & Astrophysics
Corporate Author National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Huntsville, AL. George C. Marshall Space Flight Center.
Document Type Conference proceedings
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1207
Contract Number N/A

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