The NTIS website and supporting ordering systems are undergoing a major upgrade from 8PM on September 25th through approximately October 6. During that time, much of the functionality, including subscription and product ordering, shipping, etc., will not be available. You may call NTIS at 1-800-553-6847 or (703) 605-6000 to place an order but you should expect delayed shipment. Please do NOT include credit card numbers in any email you might send NTIS.
Documents in the NTIS Technical Reports collection are the results of federally funded research. They are directly submitted to or collected by NTIS from Federal agencies for permanent accessibility to industry, academia and the public.  Before purchasing from NTIS, you may want to check for free access from (1) the issuing organization's website; (2) the U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Digital System website; (3) the federal government Internet portal; or (4) a web search conducted using a commercial search engine such as
Accession Number DE2013-1063797
Title Pinging Africa.
Publication Date Feb 2013
Media Count 10p
Personal Author R. L. Cottrell
Abstract Africa is huge with an area greater than Argentina, Europe, China, India, and the United States combined. It has over 1 billion people or one seventh of the world's population (second only to Asia), speaking over 1000 languages, with climates from huge rainforests to vast deserts. However, as a whole it suffers from many challenges including disease, conflict, corruption, protectionist policies (for example current cable and satellite companies have a lot to lose and many of these have close links to regulators and governments), poverty, lack of skills, and poor infrastructure such as lack of power, inadequate telecommunications, inadequate Internet access, lack of PCs etc. Africa also badly lags many years behind the rest of the world in its Internet performance, and has been falling further behind each year. In 2010 all of Africa combined had one third the international capacity as Austria alone. The cost of Internet access for universities in Africa is 100 times more expensive than for U.S universities. The cost for an African university to buy the same bandwidth as a U.S. university (1 Giga-bit/second would be $13M/month). Less than 12% of the Africa population in 2011 had Internet access.
Keywords Access
Developing countries
Electric cables
Government policies
Personal computers

Source Agency Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category 62 - Computers, Control & Information Theory
45C - Common Carrier & Satellite
92 - Behavior & Society
Corporate Author Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, CA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1319
Contract Number DE-AC02-76SF00515

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader