Accession Number DE2013-1022674
Title Pilot Plant: A Shortened Path to Fusion Power.
Publication Date 2012
Media Count 6p
Personal Author B. B. Kadomtsev C. C. Baker D. Cohn D. P. Dautovich E. A. Chaniotakis J. Galambos J. Sheffield L. Bromberg P. Gierszewski W. Morison W. R. Ellis Y. K. M. Peng
Abstract Previous fusion reactor studies have focused on the characteristics of fusion reactors in a mature, commercial market, on full-scale 'demonstration reactors' as commercial prototypes, and on other engineering development facilities. The projected large size and high capital cost of the development facilities present significant practical impediments to the development of fusion as a commercial power source. In other technologies, 'pilot plants' have been constructed in advance of fullscale facilities. Such plants have had the characteristics of small size, low capital cost, and a limited set of objectives, while still having the integrated performance deemed necessary to gain experience with the operating characteristics of the new technology. A range of possible tokamak fusion pilot plants is considered, having as the primary objective providing requisite fusion power experience to an electric utility prior to construction of a full-scale demonstration reactor. Two approaches are explored, having the characteristics of either net electricity production or only the production of high-grade heat. The effects of choices such as mode of plasma heating and normal versus superconducting coils are also examined. Since tokamak scaling laws do not seem to permit simply 'miniaturizing' the DEMO, fusion pilot plant designs incorporate only certain essential features of a power plant, while leaving the development of other features to complementary, specialized facilities.
Keywords Capitalized costs
Construction
Electricity
Market
Performance
Physics
Pilot plants
Plasma heating
Power plants
Production
Scaling laws
Superconducting coils
Thermonuclear reactors


 
Source Agency Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category 77A - Thermonuclear Fusion Devices
46G - Plasma Physics
Corporate Author Oak Ridge National Lab., TN.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1323
Contract Number DE-AC05-00OR22725

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