Accession Number DE2012-1046329
Title National Geo-Database for Biofuel Simulations and Regional Analysis.
Publication Date Apr 2012
Media Count 60p
Personal Author D. H. Manowitz R. Sahajpal R. C. Izaurralde X. Zhang
Abstract The goal of this project undertaken by GLBRC (Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center) Area 4 (Sustainability) modelers is to develop a national capability to model feedstock supply, ethanol production, and biogeochemical impacts of cellulosic biofuels. The results of this project contribute to sustainability goals of the GLBRC; i.e. to contribute to developing a sustainable bioenergy economy: one that is profitable to farmers and refiners, acceptable to society, and environmentally sound. A sustainable bioenergy economy will also contribute, in a fundamental way, to meeting national objectives on energy security and climate mitigation. The specific objectives of this study are to: (1) develop a spatially explicit national geodatabase for conducting biofuel simulation studies; (2) model biomass productivity and associated environmental impacts of annual cellulosic feedstocks; (3) simulate production of perennial biomass feedstocks grown on marginal lands; and (4) locate possible sites for the establishment of cellulosic ethanol biorefineries. To address the first objective, we developed SENGBEM (Spatially Explicit National Geodatabase for Biofuel and Environmental Modeling), a 60-m resolution geodatabase of the conterminous USA containing data on: (1) climate, (2) soils, (3) topography, (4) hydrography, (5) land cover/ land use (LCLU), and (6) ancillary data (e.g., road networks, federal and state lands, national and state parks, etc.). A unique feature of SENGBEM is its 2008-2010 crop rotation data, a crucially important component for simulating productivity and biogeochemical cycles as well as land-use changes associated with biofuel cropping. We used the EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate) model to simulate biomass productivity and environmental impacts of annual and perennial cellulosic feedstocks across much of the USA on both croplands and marginal lands. We used data from LTER and eddy-covariance experiments within the study region to test the performance of EPIC and, when necessary, improve its parameterization. We investigated three scenarios.
Keywords Biofuels
Biomass
Carbon
Cellulosic ethanol
Climates
Crops
Cultivation techniques
Data base management
Energy security
Environmental impacts
Ethanols
Food
Land use
Leaching
Mixtures
Nitrates
Regional analysis
Residues
Resolution
Rotation
Simulation
Soils
Switchgrass
Topography
Wheat


 
Source Agency Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category 97K - Fuels
97G - Policies, Regulations & Studies
97R - Environmental Studies
57B - Biochemistry
Corporate Author Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1303
Contract Number DE-AC05-76RL01830

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader