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Accession Number DE2012-1044989
Title Phoenix Series Large Scale LNG Pool Fire Experiments.
Publication Date Dec 2010
Media Count 357p
Personal Author A. Luketa A. Ricks B. Demosthenous J. Mercier J. Suo-Anttila M. Hightower P. Helmick R. Deola R. Jensen R. Simpson S. Tieszen T. Blanchart T. Miller
Abstract The increasing demand for natural gas could increase the number and frequency of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) tanker deliveries to ports across the United States. Because of the increasing number of shipments and the number of possible new facilities, concerns about the potential safety of the public and property from an accidental, and even more importantly intentional spills, have increased. While improvements have been made over the past decade in assessing hazards from LNG spills, the existing experimental data is much smaller in size and scale than many postulated large accidental and intentional spills. Since the physics and hazards from a fire change with fire size, there are concerns about the adequacy of current hazard prediction techniques for large LNG spills and fires. To address these concerns, Congress funded the Department of Energy (DOE) in 2008 to conduct a series of laboratory and large-scale LNG pool fire experiments at Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) in Albuquerque, New Mexico. This report presents the test data and results of both sets of fire experiments. A series of five reduced-scale (gas burner) tests (yielding 27 sets of data) were conducted in 2007 and 2008 at Sandias Thermal Test Complex (TTC) to assess flame height to fire diameter ratios as a function of nondimensional heat release rates for extrapolation to large-scale LNG fires. The large-scale LNG pool fire experiments were conducted in a 120 m diameter pond specially designed and constructed in Sandias Area III large-scale test complex. Two fire tests of LNG spills of 21 and 81 m in diameter were conducted in 2009 to improve the understanding of flame height, smoke production, and burn rate and therefore the physics and hazards of large LNG spills and fires.
Keywords Extrapolation
Fires
Flames
Forecasting
Gas spills
Liquefied natural gas
Ponds
Production
Safety
Sandia National Laboratories
Smoke


 
Source Agency Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category 68C - Solid Wastes Pollution & Control
97K - Fuels
81A - Combustion & Ignition
Corporate Author Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1302
Contract Number DE-AC04-94AL85000

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