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Accession Number DE2012-1042548
Title Hydroacoustic Evaluation of Juvenile Salmonid Passage and Distribution at Lookout Point Dam, 2010.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 74p
Personal Author E. S. Fischer F. Khan G. E. Johnson G. R. Ploskey I. M. Royer J. S. Hughes K. D. Ham N. R. J. Phillips
Abstract Pacific Northwest National Laboratory evaluated juvenile salmonid passage and distribution at Lookout Point Dam (LOP) on the Middle Fork Willamette River for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District (USACE), to provide data to support decisions on long-term measures to enhance downstream passage at LOP and others dams in USACE's Willamette Valley Project. This study was conducted in response to the listing of Upper Willamette River Spring Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and Upper Willamette River steelhead (O. mykiss) as threatened under the Endangered Species Act. We conducted a hydroacoustic evaluation of juvenile salmonid passage and distribution at LOP during February 2010 through January 2011. Findings from this 1 year of study should be applied carefully because annual variation can be expected due to variability in adult salmon escapement, egg-to-fry and fry-to-smolt survival rates, reservoir rearing and predation, dam operations, and weather. Fish passage rates for smolt-size fish (> (approx)90 mm and < 300 mm) were highest during December-January and lowest in mid-summer through early fall. Passage peaks were also evident in early spring, early summer, and late fall. During the entire study period, an estimated total of 142,463 fish (+-) 4,444 (95% confidence interval) smolt-size fish passed through turbine penstock intakes. Of this total, 84% passed during December-January. Run timing for small-size fish ((approx)65-90 mm) peaked (702 fish) on December 18. Diel periodicity of smolt-size fish showing crepuscular peaks was evident in fish passage into turbine penstock intakes. Relatively few fish passed into the Regulating Outlets (ROs) when they were open in summer (2 fish/d) and winter (8 fish/d). Overall, when the ROs were open, RO efficiency (RO passage divided by total project passage) was 0.004. In linear regression analyses, daily fish passage (turbines and ROs combined) for smolt-size fish was significantly related to project discharge (P<0.001). This relationship was positive, but there was no relationship between total project passage and forebay elevation (P=0.48) or forebay elevation delta, i.e., day-to-day change in forebay elevation (P=0.16). In multiple regression analyses, a relatively parsimonious model was selected that predicted the observed data well.
Keywords Acoustic detection
Adults
Annual variations
Dams
Design
Distribution
Endangered species
Evaluation
Fish passage facilities
Juveniles
Management
Penstocks
Periodicity
Rearing
Rivers
Salmon
Targets
Turbines
Watersheds
Weather


 
Source Agency Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category 98F - Fisheries & Aquaculture
50B - Civil Engineering
48B - Natural Resource Management
Corporate Author Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1226
Contract Number DE-AC05-76RL01830

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