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Accession Number DE2012-1039921
Title Lessons Learned from Bacterial Transport Research at the South Oyster Site.
Publication Date Apr 2011
Media Count 61p
Personal Author M. F. DeFlaun S. S. Hubbard T. Scheibe T. C. Onstott
Abstract This paper provides a review of bacterial transport experiments conducted by a multi-investigator, multi-institution, multi-disciplinary team of researchers under the auspices of the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE). The experiments were conducted during the time period 1999-2001 at a field site near the town of Oyster, Virginia known as the South Oyster Site, and included four major experimental campaigns aimed at understanding and quantifying bacterial transport in the subsurface environment. Several key elements of the research are discussed here: (1) quantification of bacterial transport in physically, chemically and biologically heterogeneous aquifers, (2) evaluation of the efficacy of conventional colloid filtration theory, (3) scale effects in bacterial transport, (4) development of new methods for microbial enumeration and screening for low adhesion strains, (5) application of novel hydrogeophysical techniques for aquifer characterization, and (6) experiences regarding management of a large field research effort. Lessons learned are summarized in each of these areas. The body of literature resulting from South Oyster Site research has been widely cited and continues to influence research into the controls exerted by aquifer heterogeneity on reactive transport (including microbial transport). It also served as a model (and provided valuable experience) for subsequent and ongoing highly-instrumented field research efforts conducted by DOE-sponsored investigators.
Keywords Adhesion
Aquifers
Bacteria
Colloids
Environmental transport
Evaluation
Filtration
Management
Simulation
Sites
South Oyster Site
Strains
Subsurface environment
Water pollution

 
Source Agency Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category 68D - Water Pollution & Control
57K - Microbiology
Corporate Author Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA. Earth Sciences Div.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1226
Contract Number DE-AC02-05CH11231

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