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Accession Number DE2012-1038740
Title Theoretical Studies of Surface Reactions on Metals and Electronic Materials.
Publication Date Apr 2012
Media Count 19p
Personal Author J. L. Whitten
Abstract A synopsis of these studies follows, and, in a separate section, abstracts of published and submitted papers are provided. One of the goals of this research is to learn more about fundamental processes involving photoinduced electron transfer to adsorbates on metals, in particular, those that lead to dissociation of water. Silver nanoparticles are chosen to represent the low end of catalytic activity, so as to delineate effects most directly associated with the dissociative electron transfer step. However, we also worked on palladium nanoparticles to take advantage of increased reactivity of that metal and its potential for hydrogen storage. In collaborative work with experimental investigations, the palladium catalyzed decomposition of butanoic acid was treated using high level electronic structure theory. For photoinduced processes at surfaces, key questions involve how electron transfer excited states are stabilized by the image charge or hole in the metal and whether dissociation occurs on the excited electronic state surface or by crossing over at some adsorbate geometry to the ground state surface. Differentiating between competing pathways depends on energy barriers and lifetimes in excited states.
Keywords Catalysts
Chemical reactions
Decomposition
Electron transfer
Excited states
Hydrogen storage
Metals
Silver
Surfaces


 
Source Agency Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category 99F - Physical & Theoretical Chemistry
Corporate Author North Carolina State Univ. at Raleigh.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1307
Contract Number DE-FG02-97ER45624

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