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Accession Number DE13-1105046
Title Microscale Metabolic, Redox and Abiotic Reactions in Hanford 300 Area Subsurface Sediments.
Publication Date 2013
Media Count 7p
Personal Author H. Beyenal R. T. Anderson
Abstract The Hanford 300 Area is a unique site due to periodic hydrologic influence of river water resulting in changes in groundwater elevation and flow direction. This area is also highly subject to uranium remobilization, the source of which is currently believed to be the region at the base of the vadose zone that is subject to period saturation due to the changes in the water levels in the Columbia River. We found that microbial processes and redox and abiotic reactions which operate at the microscale were critical to understanding factors controlling the macroscopic fate and transport of contaminants in the subsurface. The combined laboratory and field research showed how microscale conditions control uranium mobility and how biotic, abiotic and redox reactions relate to each other. Our findings extended the current knowledge to examine U(VI) reduction and immobilization using natural 300 Area communities as well as selected model organisms on redox-sensitive and redox-insensitive minerals. Using innovative techniques developed specifically to probe biogeochemical processes at the microscale, our research expanded our current understanding of the roles played by mineral surfaces, bacterial competition, and local biotic, abiotic and redox reaction rates on the reduction and immobilization of uranium.
Keywords Contamination
Ground water
Hanford Reservation
Microbial processes
Radioactive wastes
Redox reactions
Subsurface structures
Water pollution

Source Agency Technical Information Center Oak Ridge Tennessee
NTIS Subject Category 77G - Radioactive Wastes & Radioactivity
68D - Water Pollution & Control
68F - Radiation Pollution & Control
Corporate Author Washington State Univ., Pullman.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1412
Contract Number DE-FG02-08ER64560

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