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Accession Number ADA592754
Title NATO's Options for Defensive Cyber Against Non-State Actors.
Publication Date Apr 2013
Media Count 36p
Personal Author I. C. Carey
Abstract Overt state-to-state cyber conflicts are unlikely for the foreseeable future; states prefer to retain plausible deniability through surreptitious sponsorship of non-state cyber militias. International legal norms, NATO's Article 5 requirements, and UN Security Council procedural issues seem to limit NATO's options in responding to cyber events by non-state actors. However, there are three circumstances under which NATO may legally take cyber countermeasures against non-state actors: (1) when a nation-state fails to enforce the law against non-state actors within its borders; (2) when a cyber- disruption is tantamount to an economic blockade; and (3) if there is intelligence that indicates a pending cyber-attack by force, thereby necessitating anticipatory self-defense. The decision by NATO after 9/11 to pursue a non-state terrorist organization was a normative shift internationally; prior to this event, counterterrorism was widely viewed as a law enforcement issue. With China and Russia as permanent members of the UN Security Council, resolutions against countries for harboring cyber militias are unlikely. Both nations routinely tolerate-if not sponsor-cyber militias. NATO is the one enforcement arm with the resources to thwart the illicit militias.
Keywords Anticipatory self-defense
Article 5
Countermeasures
Cyber security
Cyberwarfare
Ddos(Distributed denial of service)
Economic blockades
Estonia
Government(Foreign)
Law enforcement
Nato
Nonstate actors
Rule of law
Tallinn manual
United states government


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92 - Behavior & Society
62D - Information Processing Standards
74 - Military Sciences
Corporate Author Syracuse Univ., NY.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Civilian research project.
NTIS Issue Number 1412
Contract Number N/A

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