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Accession Number ADA592611
Title Understanding the Process of Radicalization: Review of the Empirical Literature.
Publication Date Mar 2011
Media Count 89p
Personal Author A. L. Brown B. D. Adams C. R. Flear M. L. Thomson
Abstract Radicalization to violence is a clear and present threat to public safety and security in Canada. Radicalization is defined by the RCMP as the process by which individuals are introduced to an overtly ideological message and belief system that encourages movement from moderate, mainstream beliefs toward extreme views. Effectively managing the threat of radicalization will require good understanding of the psychological processes that underlie radicalization. This report is the result of literature review exploring the social and cognitive processes underpinning radicalization from the perspective of experimental psychological research, and was guided by two questions: (1) What factors lead people to come to hold extreme ideologies; (2) How do they come to act on these ideologies in violent ways. Results showed that radicalization is influenced by uncertainty (both personal and existential), attitudes such as moral outrage, guilt and narcissism, as well as by social exclusion. The acceptance of religion is shown to provide protection from perceived threat and buffering of social exclusion. Finally, how people become motivated to aggress against other people is explained in the literature in terms of intergroup emotions, perceived collective support for one's valued identity, and social rejection combined with perceived group cohesiveness. As a whole, the empirical literature relevant to radicalization prominently shows complex designs and interactive effects, and varies in terms of its proximity to radicalized ideologies and violent behaviours. This body of research is also at a relatively early stage of development, and will require extensive investigation and elaboration.
Keywords Attitudes(Psychology)
Extremism
Foreign reports
Identity
Ideology
Intergroup relations
Radicalization
Religion
Social exclusion
Terror management theory
Terrorism
Terrorists
Uncertainty
Uncertainty theory
Violence


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92B - Psychology
57T - Psychiatry
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Automatika, Inc., Pittsburgh, PA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1412
Contract Number N/A

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