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Accession Number ADA592409
Title Improving the Representation of Human Factors in Operational Analysis.
Publication Date Oct 2010
Media Count 16p
Personal Author A. Caldeira-Hankey C. Lewis
Abstract Operational Analysis (OA) supports a wide range of military decisions, from tactical level through to campaign implementation. As all military operations are human activities, there is a requirement to deliver appropriate representation of human issues in OA advice to UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) decision-makers. It has long been acknowledged that in a number of OA models, containing humans with group behaviours, there is insufficient consideration of key human factors (HF)/human issues. A reason given by the OA community is that the Human Sciences (HS) community do not have the required data in a readily useable format for their OA models. Correspondingly the HS community have argued that the analysts do not adequately define their requirements. Defence Science & Technology Laboratory (Dstl) was tasked to identify a common set of HF to be considered for inclusion within OA models, and to review and capture the key interfaces and issues between the OA and HS communities. This latter task aimed to continue to improve the working relationship between the two communities via a process promoting a shared understanding, and flow of information and data between the communities. The study determined that there was no common set of human factors for inclusion within OA models. The key set of HF was dependent upon the context, the question to be addressed, and the model's level of abstraction. A draft Good Practice Guide was developed to capture an auditable process by which the OA and HS communities could exploit each others areas of expertise in order to inform their respective research programmes. This was validated and refined using existing OA models.
Keywords Collaborative techniques
Foreign reports
Human factors
Human factors engineering
Information exchange
Military operations
Nato furnished
Operational analysis
United kingdom

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92C - Social Concerns
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
95D - Human Factors Engineering
Corporate Author NATO Research and Technology Organization, Neuilly-sur-Seine (France).
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Conference paper.
NTIS Issue Number 1412
Contract Number N/A

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