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Accession Number ADA591946
Title Fire Resistant Fuel for Military Compression Ignition Engines.
Publication Date Dec 2013
Media Count 16p
Personal Author B. R. Wright J. Schmitigal S. D. Marty S. R. Westbrook
Abstract During an Army research program in the mid-1980s, fire-resistant diesel fuel that self extinguished when ignited by an explosive projectile was developed. Chemically, this fire resistant fuel (FRF) was a stable mixture of diesel fuel, 10 percent water, and an emulsifier. The Army FRF program ended in 1987 without fielding this fire resistant fuel formulation. There were both technical and logistical reasons for this. Unconventional warfare experienced in Iraq and Afghanistan involving use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) has led the Army to restart the FRF program in an attempt to counter the increasing threat of fuel fires. Efforts are now underway to develop new Fire Resistant Fuel to reduce and/or eliminate both the initial mist fireball and any residual pool burning. Vehicle operation and environmental conditions commonly cause the temperature of the fuel in the vehicles to rise above its flash point, thus making it more susceptible to being ignited. This elevated fuel temperature, when combined with an ignition source such as a ballistic penetration near the fuel tank or fuel line, significantly increases the potential for a catastrophic fuel fire. This paper will discuss some of the aspects and limitations of developing a fire resistant fuel water emulsion and how the use of JP-8, as intended by the single fuel forward concept, affects this development.
Keywords Acceleration
Ballistic testing
Compression ignition engines
Diesel engines
Diesel fuel
Dynamometers
Emulsions
Fire resistance
Flash point
Frf emulsions
Frf(Fire resistant fuels)
Fuel additives
Fuel consumption
Fuels
Ied(Improvised explosive devices)
Improvised explosive devices
Jp-8 fuel
Maximum power output
Military equipment
Temperature
Turbo diesel engines


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 57U - Public Health & Industrial Medicine
41I - Job Environment
74E - Logistics, Military Facilities, & Supplies
97K - Fuels
81J - Reciprocation & Rotating Combustion Engines
Corporate Author Southwest Research Inst., San Antonio, TX. TARDEC Fuels and Lubricants Research Facility.
Document Type Journal article
Title Note Journal article.
NTIS Issue Number 1411
Contract Number N/A

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