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Accession Number ADA591930
Title Rethinking Import and Export Controls for Defense-Related Goods.
Publication Date May 2013
Media Count 60p
Personal Author J. S. Gansler W. Lucyshyn
Abstract The United States is the largest producer and exporter of defense goods in the world, supplying dozens of countries with a range of defense and military products. On the import side, the United States is capable of designing and manufacturing the vast majority of military systems upon which it relies. However, import restrictions impede the United States' ability to acquire defense-related goods as efficiently and cost-effectively as possible. The problem here is two-fold. The DoD is barred from acquiring foreign suppliers' products -- products that are not only cheaper, but in some instances, technically superior. Secondly, the waiver process complicates matters further, creating needless delays for products that may not even be available domestically. Clearly, the current regime is far from perfect. In this report, we discuss some of the more pressing challenges associated with current export and import regulations: (1) Restrictions on dual-use technologies, (2) Long delays for approval, (3) Fewer opportunities for joint research, (4) Technology outpaces the regulations, (5) Regulations damage relationships with allies, (6) Lack of competition results in higher prices, (7) Interruptions in the supply chain, and (8) Increasing cybersecurity threats. There is a clear need for both import and export controls; however, the current system definitely has significant flaws that impact its ability to succeed. Correcting these issues requires a strong plan of action to revamp and reimagine the control system. Import and export controls are clearly necessary to ensure the protection of American military technology as well as the health of the defense industry. However, the current regime must be revised to take advantage of the globalized economy, while addressing the challenges cited in the previous section. The report also includes our recommendations.
Keywords Aeca(Arms export control act 1976)
Berry amendment
Commercial equipment
Defense industry
Defense systems
Defense-related goods
Domestic firm protection
Dual use technology
Eaa(Export administration act 1979)
Export administration regulations(FAR)
Export controls
Federal law
Foreign military sales
Foreign technology
Import regulations
International traffic in arms regulations(ITAR)
Licensing requirements
Militarily critical technologies
Military equipment
Political alliances
Sensitive technology protection
United states government
Weapon systems

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 96 - Business & Economics
92 - Behavior & Society
92C - Social Concerns
74 - Military Sciences
Corporate Author Maryland Univ., College Park. Center for Public Policy and Private Enterprise.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Research rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1411
Contract Number N/A

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