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Accession Number ADA591809
Title Al Qaeda in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb. A History of Algeria 1952 - 2009.
Publication Date Apr 2011
Media Count 23p
Personal Author G. Smith
Abstract The devastating terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 will forever resonate in the minds of Americans. The images of billowing smoke emanating from the World Trade Center and the Pentagon caused many to ask who could do this to us. To answer that question we must examine the past and look at the policies enacted by our government that caused a cyclic reaction within our enemy. The same is true for other governments that seek to expand their sphere of influence without examining those critical antecedents that affect the indigenous population. These disenfranchised subjects, when facing a foreign invader or apostate government, will often draw on a shared identity, be it cultural, ethnic, religious, or political, to sound the battle cry of resistance. This paper is organized into four chapters that focus on the terrorist group Al Qaeda in the Lands of the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). The four chapters examine different facets of the collective environment that have allowed AQIM to succeed and even thrive at times. The first chapter begins with Algeria s war of independence with the French. It focuses on how the Algerians were able to successfully isolate the French from the population through the use of terrorism. It also lays the foundation for the concept of terrorism within Algeria to further a political agenda. The second chapter focuses on the nomadic Tuareg people. It seeks to show how the Tuaregs were deprived by French occupiers and how European colonization cost the Tuaregs access to vital trade routes used for centuries. The intent of this chapter is to briefly explain reasons for the lack of trust between the Tuaregs and foreign forces. It also seeks to show the exceptional ability to navigate the Sahara and how smuggling has become the basis of income for many Tuaregs. The third chapter will very briefly examine Algeria's civil war and the emergence of modern terrorist groups.
Keywords Access
Al qaeda
Algeria
Attack
Battles
Civil disturbances
Commerce
Costs
Enemy
Europe
Foreign
France
Global
History
Indigenous population
International trade
Iran
Islam
Jihad
Military forces(Foreign)
Policies
Political science
Population
Response
Saharan africa
Terrorism
Terrorists
Tuaregs
Warfare

 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92 - Behavior & Society
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
96A - Domestic Commerce, Marketing, & Economics
Corporate Author Special Operations Command, MacDill AFB, FL.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note N/A
NTIS Issue Number 1411
Contract Number N/A

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