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Accession Number ADA591556
Title U.S. Army in Southeast Asia: Near-Term and Long-Term Roles.
Publication Date 2013
Media Count 42p
Personal Author P. Chalk
Abstract The current security environment in Southeast Asia is largely benign. There is practically no risk of a major interstate war in the region at present, and virtually every government has benefited from a high degree of internal legitimacy afforded by sustained economic growth. Just as significantly, most of the substate insurgent and terrorist challenges in Southeast Asia have been largely contained. None of the main conflict groups in this part of the world enjoys any significant degree of external backing, and none has the capacity to substantially escalate its activities on its own. Compounding these positive facets is the lack of any meaningful external threat. Although China is certainly seeking to extend its influence into Southeast Asia, it is doing so largely through soft diplomacy and the consolidation of economic ties. The one exception is the South China Sea (SCS), where Beijing has steadily moved to more assertively assume its self-proclaimed sovereignty across the area. Despite pledging a commitment to resolving the issue diplomatically through bilateral negotiations with each of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries concerned, China's more explicit forward-leaning posture has raised tensions in the region particularly with Vietnam and the Philippines. While there is as yet no danger of an outright attack to lay claim to any of the islands in the SCS, the possibility of an accidental clash sparking wider aggression cannot be ruled out. Within the context of this mainly positive environment, there are four major roles that the Pentagon could conceivably play in shaping the Southeast Asian security environment over the near term: supporting defense reform and restructuring, facilitating humanitarian relief operations, providing assistance to address nontraditional transnational threat contingencies, and helping to balance China's increased influence into Southeast Asia.
Keywords A2ad(Anti-access area denial)
Area denial
Army
Asean(Association of southeast asian nations)
Basing agreements
China
Defense reform
Diri(Defense institute reform initiative)
Economics
Hadr(Humanitarian assistance and disaster relief)
Humanitarian assistance
Indonesia
Military forces(Foreign)
Military forces(United states)
Mnna(Major non north atlantic treaty organization ally)
Rcep(Regional comprehensive economic partnership)
Scs(South china sea)
Security cooperation
South china sea
Southeast asia
Spp(State partnership program)
Tni(Indonesian national armed forces)
Western security(International)


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
96A - Domestic Commerce, Marketing, & Economics
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Rand Arroyo Center, Santa Monica, CA.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Research rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1411
Contract Number W74V8H-06-C-0001

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