Documents in the NTIS Technical Reports collection are the results of federally funded research. They are directly submitted to or collected by NTIS from Federal agencies for permanent accessibility to industry, academia and the public.  Before purchasing from NTIS, you may want to check for free access from (1) the issuing organization's website; (2) the U.S. Government Printing Office's Federal Digital System website; (3) the federal government Internet portal; or (4) a web search conducted using a commercial search engine such as
Accession Number ADA591432
Title Paying for War: Funding U.S. Military Operations Since 2001.
Publication Date Aug 2011
Media Count 215p
Personal Author A. L. Martin
Abstract From 2001 through 2011, the United States allocated about $1.2 trillion to the DoD to conduct worldwide military operations that primarily focused on Afghanistan and Iraq. The funding for previous prolonged military operations in Korea and Vietnam was incorporated into the base budget within a few years; however, the U.S. government has continued to use separate budgetary titles to allocate resources for operations since 2001. Through 2009, emergency supplemental appropriations provided most of the funding for operations while a separate title in the annual appropriations bill has been used to allocate most of the wartime funding since then. This dissertation analyzes the outcomes of using separate budgets for military operations. The dissertation begins with an examination of the period when emergency supplemental appropriations were the primary instrument used for allocating funds for military operations. The continued use of supplemental appropriations weakened the normal checks between executive and legislative participants in the budgetary process. Wartime supplemental appropriations were used to introduce defense policy changes, augment annual defense budgets, and provide a convenient way to pass additional legislation that was often unrelated to operations and was politically contentious. The next part of the dissertation examines how recent wartime budgets influenced different portions of the annual defense budget. Changes made to personnel policies in wartime budgets introduced large costs into the annual defense budget. Also, the migration of some costs from the base budget into wartime budgets and the introduction of new programs into wartime budgets will likely lead to additional claims on the base budget as operations end. The dissertation concludes with an analysis of how the Army should manage its fleet of MRAP vehicles after operations in Iraq and Afghanistan cease, and an examination of how U.S. military operations should be funded in the future.
Keywords Advanced tactical radio acquisition
Afghanistan conflict
Alternate wartime budgets
Analysis of outcomes
Army expansion
Army mrap retention options
Cost analysis
Death gratuities
Department of defense
Deployment pay
Hmmwv up-armoring
Iraqi war
Life insurance
Marine corps expansion
Military budgets
Military forces(United states)
Military operations
Military personnel
Military procurement
Mine resistant vehicles
Mrap acquisition
Mrap allocation
Operations and maintenance spending
Personnel policies
Post-9/11 era
Separate title in annual appropriations bill
Tactical wheeled vehicle armoring
Traumatic injury coverage
Vehicular armor
Wartime appropriations acquisition
Wartime supplemental appropriations

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 70B - Management Practice
96 - Business & Economics
74 - Military Sciences
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author RAND Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Document Type Thesis
Title Note Doctoral thesis.
NTIS Issue Number 1411
Contract Number N/A

Science and Technology Highlights

See a sampling of the latest scientific, technical and engineering information from NTIS in the NTIS Technical Reports Newsletter

Acrobat Reader Mobile    Acrobat Reader