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Accession Number ADA590433
Title Cluster Munitions: Background and Issues for Congress. Updated July 30, 2013.
Publication Date Jul 2013
Media Count 13p
Personal Author A. Feickert P. K. Kerr
Abstract Cluster munitions are air-dropped or ground-launched weapons that release a number of smaller submunitions intended to kill enemy personnel or destroy vehicles. Cluster munitions were developed in World War II and are part of many nations weapons stockpiles. Cluster munitions have been used frequently in combat, including the early phases of the current conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Cluster munitions have been highly criticized internationally for causing a significant number of civilian deaths, and efforts have been undertaken to ban and regulate their use. The Department of Defense (DOD) continues to view cluster munitions as a military necessity but has instituted a policy to reduce the failure rate of cluster munitions to 1% or less after 2018. There are two major international initiatives to address cluster munitions: the Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) and negotiations under the U.N. Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW). The Obama Administration has reiterated U.S. opposition to the CCM, which entered into force August 1, 2010, but participated in negotiations regarding cluster munitions under the CCW.
Keywords Casualties
Ccm(Convention on cluster munitions)
Ccw(Un convention on prohibitions or restrictions on the use
Civilian casualties
Civilian population
Cluster munitions
Congress
Department of defense
Electronic counter countermeasures
Failure rate
International politics
Kill probabilities
Lack of self-destruct capability
Legislation
Operational effectiveness
Policies
Second world war
Submunitions
Surface launched
Wounds and injuries


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92 - Behavior & Society
92C - Social Concerns
92E - International Relations
79A - Ammunition, Explosives, & Pyrotechnics
Corporate Author Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Congressional rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1409
Contract Number N/A

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