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Accession Number ADA590351
Title Across-the-Board Rescissions in Appropriations Acts: Overview and Recent Practices.
Publication Date Sep 2013
Media Count 21p
Personal Author J. Tollestrup
Abstract As the annual appropriations process draws to a close each fiscal year, Congress and the President often must come to an agreement not only on the level of funding for individual items or accounts but also with regard to the total amount of discretionary budget authority that will be provided for that fiscal year. If that agreed-upon amount requires a reduction in budget authority and sufficient reductions are not associated with individual programs, an alternative method to reduce that amount is an across-the-board rescission. A rescission is a provision of law that cancels budget authority prior to when it would otherwise expire, making it unavailable for future obligation. An across-the-board rescission cancels budget authority that first becomes available in the upcoming fiscal year for multiple accounts simultaneously to achieve a certain amount of savings. This type of rescission targets accounts in an entire bill, or a portion of a bill, by making cuts to those accounts according to a specified formula. The statutory structure and basic elements of across-the-board rescissions have been highly consistent in recent practice. At a minimum, such provisions contain a formula that specifies the rate, coverage, and level of application for the reduction. This formula may be accompanied by other provisions that provide exceptions to that formula and that require the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) to report to the House and Senate Appropriations Committees the dollar amount of reductions that were implemented. Between FY2008 and FY2013, across-the-board rescissions occurred in four of six fiscal years; no such rescissions were carried in appropriations acts for FY2009 or FY2010. The four appropriations acts during this period with across-the-board rescissions were either omnibus or full-year continuing appropriations acts; no supplemental, interim continuing resolutions, or regular annual appropriations acts, contained across-the-board rescissions.
Keywords Across-the-board rescissions
Appropriations
Appropriations acts
Congress
Federal budgets
Legislation
Omb(Office of management and budget)
Reduction


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 96 - Business & Economics
92 - Behavior & Society
70F - Public Administration & Government
Corporate Author Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Congressional rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1409
Contract Number N/A

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