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Accession Number ADA589962
Title Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects.
Publication Date Sep 2013
Media Count 25p
Personal Author C. T. Brass
Abstract When federal agencies and programs lack appropriated funding, they experience a funding gap. Under the Antideficiency Act, they must cease operations, except in certain emergency situations or when law authorizes continued activity. Failure of the President and Congress to reach agreement on interim or full-year funding measures occasionally has caused government shutdowns, the longest of which lasted 21 full days, from December 16, 1995, to January 6, 1996. Government shutdowns have necessitated furloughs of several hundred thousand federal employees, required cessation or reduction of many government activities, and affected numerous sectors of the economy. This report discusses the causes, processes, and effects of federal government shutdowns, including potential issues for Congress. For questions concerning the impact of a shutdown on a specific agency or program, congressional operations, or judicial operations, see the contact information for CRS subject matter experts who are listed in CRS Report R41723, Funding Gaps and Government Shutdowns: CRS Experts, coordinated by Clinton T. Brass; call CRS at 7-5700; or see the Key Policy Staff table at the end of this report.
Keywords Auditing
Congress
Emergencies
Failure
Federal budgets
Law enforcement
President(United states)
Shutdowns
Tables(Data)
United states government


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 96 - Business & Economics
92 - Behavior & Society
70B - Management Practice
Corporate Author Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Congressional rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1409
Contract Number N/A

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