Accession Number ADA588344
Title Crowdsourced Decision Support for Emergency Responders.
Publication Date Jun 2013
Media Count 46p
Personal Author K. B. Laskey
Abstract Real-time citizen interaction has the potential to transform society's response to crisis situations. New systems and processes must be developed to support citizen involvement and first responders must be trained in their use. The Citizens' Emergency Response Portal System (CERPS) Simulation Experiment (CERPS SIMEX) examined the role of public interaction through social media during emergency situations. The SIMEX was conducted over five days in October 2012 at the Net-Centric C4ISR Experimentation Lab (NCEL) housed at The MITRE Corporation's McLean, Va., headquarters and on the George Mason University (GMU) campus in Fairfax, Va. No actual emergency activities occurred on the campus; the SIMEX was conducted behind a firewall to avoid unintentional public panic. The SIMEX brought together emergency response personnel from federal, state, county, and city jurisdictions in the National Capital Region of Washington, D.C. Emergency operators used real command and control systems with simulated reporting and sensor systems. Citizen participants were volunteers recruited from the GMU student body. The primary purpose of the SIMEX was to examine the hypothesis that citizen participation via social media in crisis response decision-making can improve the outcome of a crisis. This SIMEX was intended to establish a baseline for future research on crisis response decision support employing citizen participation.
Keywords Briefing charts
Cerps(Citizens' emergency response portal system)
Citizen participation
Civilian population
Command and control systems
Crisis management
Crowdsourcing
Decision making
Decision support
Emergencies
First responders
Interactions
Internet
Interpersonal relations
Law enforcement
Local government
Response
Simulation
Social media
State government
Symposia
United states government


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 91I - Emergency Services & Planning
43D - Police, Fire, & Emergency Services
92B - Psychology
45C - Common Carrier & Satellite
Corporate Author George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA. Center of Excellence in Command, Control, Communications, and Intelligence.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Conference paper.
NTIS Issue Number 1407
Contract Number NSF-1256764

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