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Accession Number ADA584263
Title Central Asia: Regional Developments and Implications for U.S. Interests.
Publication Date May 2012
Media Count 63p
Personal Author J. Nichol
Abstract U.S. policy toward the Central Asian states has aimed at facilitating their cooperation with U.S. and NATO stabilization efforts in Afghanistan and their efforts to combat terrorism, proliferation, and trafficking in arms, drugs, and persons. Other U.S. objectives have included promoting free markets, democratization, human rights, energy development, and the forging of East-West and Central Asia-South Asia trade links. Such policies aim to help the states become what various U.S. administrations have considered to be responsible members of the international community rather than to degenerate into xenophobic, extremist, and anti-Western regimes that contribute to wider regional conflict and instability. Congress has been at the forefront in advocating increased U.S. ties with Central Asia, and in providing backing for the region for the transit of equipment and supplies for U.S.-led stabilization efforts in Afghanistan. Congress has pursued these goals through hearings and legislation on humanitarian, economic, and democratization assistance, security issues, and human rights. During the 112th Congress, the Members may review assistance for bolstering regional border and customs controls and other safeguards to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), combating trafficking in persons and drugs, encouraging regional integration with South Asia and Europe, advancing energy security, and countering terrorism. Support for these goals also has been viewed as contributing to stabilization and reconstruction operations by the United States and NATO in Afghanistan. For several years, Congress has placed conditions on assistance to Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan -- because of concerns about human rights abuses and lagging democratization -- which have affected some U.S. diplomatic and security ties. Congress will continue to consider how to balance these varied U.S. interests in the region.
Keywords Afghanistan conflict
Arms control
Central asia
Civil war
Crude oil
Democracy
Democratization
Ethnic conflict
Foreign aid
Foreign policy
Fuel contracts
Government(Foreign)
History
Human rights
Human rights abuses
International relations
International trade
Investments
Jama'at kyrgyzstan jaish al-mahd
Karshi-khanabad airbase
Landing fields
Manas airbase
Manas transit center
Natural gas
Northern distribution network
Post-9/11 era
Russia
Sectarian violence
Security
Sro(Stabilization and reconstruction operations)
Suicide bombings
Terrorism
Terrorist attacks
United states government

 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 96 - Business & Economics
92 - Behavior & Society
92C - Social Concerns
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Congressional Research Service, Washington, DC.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Congressional rept.
NTIS Issue Number 1402
Contract Number N/A

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