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Accession Number ADA583994
Title Second Seminole War: Establishing Favorable Conditions for Conflict Resolution.
Publication Date May 2013
Media Count 60p
Personal Author L. R. Hobbs
Abstract Understanding why the Second Seminole War took 7 years to reach termination is significant for modern operational planners, since creating conditions for conflict resolution is the purpose of Unified Land Operations. By looking at the campaigns of the Second Seminole War through the lens of operational art, one can better understand how the arrangement of tactical actions either furthered or hindered the government's removal policy. Setting conditions favorable to conflict resolution required an investment of significant thought, effort, and time on the part of each commander. Each commander learned lessons, made improvements, suffered setbacks, and handed off issues that the next commander chose to manage, resolve, or ignore. The character of the conflict evolved as the Army struggled to establish an adequate base of operations, improve the public's perception of its activities, and create end-state conditions that satisfied the government's political objectives. Transforming from a peacetime military to one adapted to the unique Florida environment and to the Seminole way of fighting required one Indian Agent and three commanders before an adequate base of operations and effective tactics were established. After three commanders, the Army adapted its way of war to satisfy public expectations of a just war, which gave the Army freedom to conduct tactical actions without answering to Congress. Finally, Colonel William Jenkins Worth continued to remove the Seminoles while Secretary of State Daniel Webster isolated the Seminoles from outside support. With the strategic objective of security on the southern border achieved, President John Tyler ended the conflict. The reason why the conflict lasted 7 years is because establishing the appropriate end-state conditions required a whole-of- government approach to isolate the Seminoles and defeat them militarily while building relationships with our former adversaries, Britain and Spain.
Keywords Adaptation
American indians
Conflict resolution
Diplomatic isolation
Economic isolation
Employment of forces
Ethnic cleansing
Indian removal act 1830
Indian wars
Jackson andrew
Military commanders
Military history
Military tactics
Operational planning
Public opinion
Scott winfield
Second seminole war 1835-1842
Seminole indians
Tyler john
Unified land operations
United states government
Unity of effort
Webster daniel
Whole-of-government approach
Worth william jenkins

Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 92 - Behavior & Society
92C - Social Concerns
92D - Education, Law, & Humanities
74G - Military Operations, Strategy, & Tactics
Corporate Author Army Command and General Staff Coll., Fort Leavenworth, KS. School of Advanced Military Studies.
Document Type Technical report
Title Note Monograph.
NTIS Issue Number 1402
Contract Number N/A

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