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Accession Number ADA583967
Title Determination of LCt50s in Anesthetized Rats Exposed to Aerosolized Nerve Agents.
Publication Date 2013
Media Count 8p
Personal Author A. Witriol J. L. Collins R. Lee X. Peng Z. Pierre
Abstract Nerve agents pose a threat to the respiratory tract with exposure that could result in acute compromised lung performance and death. The determination of toxicity by inhalation is important for the rational development of timely therapeutic countermeasures. This study was designed to deliver aerosolized dilute nerve agents in a dose-response manner to investigate the extent of lethality of nerve agents: soman, sarin, VX and VR. Male rats (240-270 g) were anesthetized intramuscularly with 10 mg/kg xylazine and 90 mg/kg ketamine. Following anesthesia, rats were intubated with a glass endotracheal tube (ET) and placed in a glove box. The ET was connected to a closed circuit nebulizer system (Aeroneb, Aerogen, Inc.) that delivered a particle size of < 20 J im and was in series between the ventilator and the ET. Nerve agents were delivered by a small animal ventilator set for a volume of 2.5mi x 60-80 breaths/min. VX or VR were nebulized and delivered in concentrations ranging from 6.25-800 I jg/kg over a 10-min exposure time period. Sarin (GB) or soman (GD), 6.5-1250 J lg/kg, were delivered in a similar manner. Lethality by inhalation occurred either during the 1.0-min exposure period or less than 15 min. after the cessation of exposure. Survivors were euthanized at 24 h post exposure, LC150 estimates + or - 95% confidence intervals (CisJ) were obtained from the sequential stage-wise experiments using the probit analysis. Probit analysis revealed that LD50 for VX waqs 110.7 lg/kg (Cl: 73.5-166.7), VR 64.2 J lg/kg (Cl: 42.1-97.8), soman (GD),1.67 J lg/kg (Lk: 90-31.0), and sarin (GB), 1.54 J lg/kg (Cl: 98-242), respectively. Although VR is a structural isomer of VX, the compounds appear to be markedly different in terms of toxicity when delivered by aerosol. These relationships were converted to actual 10 min LC150 equivalents of blood levels of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) across doses for the agent VR.
Keywords Acetylcholinesterase
Aerosols
Anesthetized rodents
Chemical properties
Chemical warfare agents
Inhalation
Inhalation lct50 determination
Lethal concentrations
Lethality
Lung
Nerve agents
Op(Organophosphorus)
Organophosphates
Rats


 
Source Agency Non Paid ADAS
NTIS Subject Category 57Y - Toxicology
57E - Clinical Medicine
99F - Physical & Theoretical Chemistry
74D - Chemical, Biological, & Radiological Warfare
Corporate Author Army Medical Research Inst. of Chemical Defense, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD.
Document Type Journal article
Title Note Journal article.
NTIS Issue Number 1402
Contract Number N/A

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